Insurance Claim Operations: The Role of Economic Incentives
We develop a theory of insurance claim settlement whose structure embodies an insurer’s capacity decision and negotiation between the insurer and claimant in an asymmetrically informed environment. We offer a solution to an insurer’s choice of upfront claim settlement amount under a plausible set of assumptions. Implications from theory are tested with a large sample of liability insurance claims collected over two years in the state of Texas and we find that insurer’s deployment of more capacity to handle a claim and longer settlement times occur for claims with more uncertainty. The empirical results also reveal factors relevant to insurer’s operational choices. Descriptive features of a claim, the age of the claimant and attorney representation on the plaintiff’s side are important determinants of the final settlement amount.
insurance, claims, economic incentives, capacity
SMU Cox: Real Estate (Topic)