Little of a completely satisfactory character has been published on the arm-myology of Necturus. Mivart (1869) dissected a single specimen, and described certain of the foreleg muscles. Ribbing (1906-07) dissected two specimens, and included some notes on the foreleg of Necturus, but most of his paper deals with Siredon and other forms. Wilder (1908, 1912) presented a good account of the muscles of the foreleg, and his descriptions will here be referred to many times. Howell (1936) and Straus (1942) discussed the anatomy of the flexor muscles of the forearm of Necturus; but they were interested in the broader problems of the homologies of flexor muscles. Francis (1934) tabulated the various synonyms used for the muscles of the forearm of Salamandra. His descriptions are so complete that I have used his terminology wherever it applies to the muscles of Necturus.
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Harris, Joseph P. Jr.
"The Muscles of the Forearm of Necturus,"
Field and Laboratory: Vol. 20
Available at: https://scholar.smu.edu/fieldandlab/vol20/iss3/1