We use comparative and multilevel methods to examine attitudes toward the distribution of household labor in 32 countries. We test hypotheses derived from Baxter and Kane’s (1995) gender dependence theory, which suggests complex relationships between societal-level gender dependence, individual-level gender dependence, and gender attitudes. Country-level data are from the United Nations and survey data are from the International Social Survey Programme’s 2002 Family and Changing Gender Roles III module. Our analysis is among the first to combine societal and individual indicators of gender dependence using multilevel modeling and to test for cross-level interactions between societal and individual gender dependence. Results provide mixed support for gender dependence theory and suggest several revisions – especially pertaining to men’s attitudes.
dependence, gender attitudes, gender ideology, household labor, housework, ISSP, gender dependence theory
Family, Life Course, and Society | Gender and Sexuality | Inequality and Stratification | Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies | Social Psychology and Interaction | Sociology of Culture | Theory, Knowledge and Science
Kunovich, R.M. and Kunovich, S. (2008). "Gender Dependence and Attitudes toward the Distribution of Household Labor: A Comparative and Multilevel Analysis," International Journal of Comparative Sociology 49:395-407.
Copyright 2008 SAGE Publications
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE SOCIOLOGY
Kunovich, Sheri L. and Kunovich, Robert M., "Gender Dependence and Attitudes toward the Distribution of Household Labor: A Comparative and Multilevel Analysis" (2008). Sociology Research. 2.
Family, Life Course, and Society Commons, Gender and Sexuality Commons, Inequality and Stratification Commons, Quantitative, Qualitative, Comparative, and Historical Methodologies Commons, Social Psychology and Interaction Commons, Sociology of Culture Commons, Theory, Knowledge and Science Commons