This study considered the preparation of a new DNA binding Ruthenium polypyridyl complex possessing an infrared active nitrile group. The binding abilities of a novel Ruthenium complex, [Ru(TMP)2DPPZ-10-CN], to various forms of DNA—both canonical and non-canonical—were examined by performing multiple DNA titrations. DNA is of great interest as it is the carrier of genetic information for all living things. Damage to DNA can have drastically detrimental effects, so the study of its structure and replication is of great importance. Two non-canonical structures that are important are the G-quadruplex and i-motif which form at the telomeric and regulatory regions of genes, respectively, and have the ability to block telomerase activity and influence transcription. The complex was synthesized by microwave irradiation and purified using a silica column and an ion exchange with Amberlite 402. Six titrations were, then, performed with salmon sperm dsDNA, guanine monophosphate (GMP), G4T4G4, human telomere G-quadruplex, i-motif C5T3, and i-motif C30. The complex was found to favor non-canonical structures, particularly the G-quadruplex structure, because of its high [bp]/[Ru] concentrations. The higher concentration of base pairs or structures per Ruthenium molecule indicated that the complex had a high binding affinity for that particular DNA structure. These results support the notion that Ruthenium metal complexes can be used for theragnostic purposes and can be used to target the telomeric region of genes where G-quadruplex structures can be found and influence transcription initiation and inhibit telomerase activity.
"The Use of Ruthenium Complexes as Molecular Probes for Non-Canonical DNA,"
SMU Journal of Undergraduate Research: Vol. 7:
1, Article 3.
Available at: https://scholar.smu.edu/jour/vol7/iss1/3
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