In this paper, we present a method to identify urban areas with a higher likelihood of pedestrian safety related events. Pedestrian safety related events are pedestrian-vehicle interactions that result in fatalities, injuries, accidents without injury, or near--misses between pedestrians and vehicles. To develop a solution to this problem of identifying likely event locations, we assemble data, primarily from the City of Cincinnati and Hamilton County, that include safety reports from a five year period, geographic information for these events, citizen survey of pedestrian reported concerns, non-emergency requests for service for any cause in the city, property values and public transportation accessibility. We augment the data from Cincinnati with walkability scores obtained from public sources. From this assembled data set we complete both supervised learning and unsupervised learning. The supervised learning, two-part regression, identifies specific areas within the city that have the highest potential for safety improvement. It is these regions that are recommended to be prioritized for resource allocation and remedial action. The unsupervised learning, k-means cluster, is conducted to augment the overall understanding of how different neighborhoods present differing opportunities for improvement with regard to walkability and consequently pedestrian safety.
Herrera, Joshua; McDevitt, Patrick; Swaminathan, Preeti; and Srinivas, Raghuram
"Pedestrian Safety -- Fundamental to a Walkable City,"
SMU Data Science Review: Vol. 1:
4, Article 8.
Available at: https://scholar.smu.edu/datasciencereview/vol1/iss4/8
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