Wilder's (1903) description of the skeleton of Necturus is the only one, to date, that is anywhere near complete. Other authors (Mivart, 1869; Ribbing, 1906-07; Howell, 1936; Straus, 1942) have noted portions of the arm-skeleton incidentally to describing various muscles. Chen (1935) described the embryonic development of the pectoral limb. All of these notes generally agree, except in a few details. Francis (1934) described the skeleton of Salamandra. For reasons to appear later, I adopt the terminology of Francis for the skeletal elements of the arm of Necturus.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
Harris, Joseph P. Jr.
"The Skeleton of the Arm of Necturus,"
Field and Laboratory: Vol. 20
Available at: https://scholar.smu.edu/fieldandlab/vol20/iss2/3