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As a result of economic stress in Central Europe following the Napoleonic Wars and the industrialization of the Rhine region, the Mainzer Verein-a society of nobles-was organized in Germany in 1844 to direct and protect German emigration. After considering several regions as possible locations for its future colonies, the Society ultimately decided upon an unoccupied section of central Texas. This decision resulted from a favorable report by the Company's agent, Prince Victor von Leiningen, despite the fact that another agent, Count von Boos-Waldeck, advised against settling the Texas area because of the expense of transportation and lack of protection from the Indians.

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