Faculty Journal Articles and Book Chapters


The landmark decision of Miranda v. Arizona focuses on the important values of adversarial testing and human dignity. These values can be found among a constellation of values ordinarily aligned with constitutional criminal procedure cases like Miranda. The constellation also includes values such as truth-finding and equality. With the regularization of DNA analysis and the realization that a large number of innocent people have been convicted, however, there has been a recent fixation on truth-finding. Other values have been overshadowed. The myopic pursuit of truth-finding may be somewhat misguided, as certainty of truth is generally impossible. This is recognized by our truth-beyond-a-reasonable-doubt standard of proof in criminal cases. Although truth-finding is important, adversarial testing and human dignity remain essential, and it is crucial that these values not be sacrificed by exclusive concentration on the alluring value of truth-finding.

Publication Title

Northern Kentucky Law Review

Document Type



Miranda, truth, confession, false confession, truth-finding, dignity, equality, adversarial testing, adversarial system, adversarial process



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