Latinos will soon become the largest minority group in the United States. African-Americans may therefore be about to give up political clout to Latinos. This prospect has generated tension between African-Americans and Latinos. Given this background, it is important for Critical Race Theory and Latino Critical Theory to consider the matter of the African-American/Latino relationship. With this in mind, the author discusses two important questions posed by the organizers of this panel: (1) How is the relationship between African-Americans and Latinos affected by the construction of race? and (2) Can Critical Race Theory benefit by a consideration of the race or racialization of Latinos?
In light of these questions, in Part II, the author argues that the construction of race impacts the relationship between African-Americans and Latinos. Specifically, the legal construction of Mexican-Americans as white has generated tensions that form a barrier to coalition-building between African-Americans and Latinos. He contends that Mexican-Americans should embrace a non-white identity to facilitate coalition-building with African- Americans.
In Part III, the author argues that Critical Race Theory can benefit from considering the racialization of Latinos. He contends that the racialization of African-Americans cannot be fully understood without considering the racialization of Latinos. As a result, he calls for an epistemic coalition comprised of all minority groups so that each group achieves knowledge about themselves and their place in the world.
Chicano-Latino Law Review
George A. Martinez, African-Americans, Latinos, and the Construction of Race: Toward an Epistemic Coalition, 19 CHICANO-LATINO L. REV. 213 (1998)