Faculty Journal Articles and Book Chapters

ORCID (Links to author’s additional scholarship at ORCID.org)

Christina Sautter: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3124-7404


This Article discusses how a subgenre of retail investors makes investors’ apathy obsolete. In prior work, we dub this genre of retail investors “wireless investors” for their reliance on technology and online communications. By applying game theory, this Article discusses how wireless investors’ global-scale online communications allow them to circulate information and coordinate, obliterating collective action problems.

Publication Title

Washington University Law Review

Document Type



retail investors, Millennials, GenZ, apathy, collective action, game theory, social norms, corporate governance, ESG, investing, stakeholders



Digital Object Identifier (DOI)



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