Alternative Title

Another Scientific Revolution: Astronomy, Biology, Cosmology, and Theology Converge

Publication Date

Spring 4-10-2018


Beyond the Copernican revolution, another scientific revolution is now in process. Inspired by Sir Fred Hoyle and others, this contemporary extension of the Copernican revolution is replacing biology conceived as exclusively Earth science with biology conceived as including study of stellar evolution and cosmic evolution. Furthermore, astrobiology, panspermia, and cosmic biology (Hoyle and Wickramasinghe) are advancing in ways consistent with natural theology, especially with panentheism. Some of this was anticipated and advocated by Alfred North Whitehead, Charles Hartshorne, and other philosophers of nature.

Document Type



panspermia, astrobiology, stellar evolution, cosmic evolution, cosmic biology, panentheism


Comparative Philosophy | Continental Philosophy | Ethics in Religion | Evolution | History of Philosophy | History of Religion | History of Science, Technology, and Medicine | Metaphysics | Other Ecology and Evolutionary Biology | Other Philosophy | Philosophy | Philosophy of Science | Religious Thought, Theology and Philosophy of Religion