Alternative Title

E. E. Just: Administrative and Fund-seeking Pioneer


Kenneth R. Manning, Theodore Walker

Publication Date

Spring 4-3-2021


This two-part chronology is based on Kenneth R. Manning’s biography, Black Apollo of Science: The Life of Ernest Everett Just (1983). Like other such timelines, this one details Just’s life and pioneering research work. Additionally, and distinctively, this timetable lays out Just’s pioneering fund-seeking and his work mentoring African American female co-researchers (Part 1). A sumitography featuring the United States Postal Service’s postage stamp (1996) recognizes Just’s innovative thinking in biology (Part 2). Following this logic, the author includes a proof-of-concept poster commending E.E. Just’s work as a forward-thinking administrator. This timeline summarizes, chronicles, and aims to re-frame Just’s two practices, fund-seeking and mentoring African American female scientists; showing that Just’s administrative ideas were, arguably, as path-breaking and far-reaching as his research in marine biology. The concept poster is the first step toward advocacy for the United States Postal Service to issue a second Ernest Everett Just stamp to honor Just’s leading edge administrative initiatives.

Document Type



Ernest Everett Just, EE Just, biology, Black Apollo of Science, Kenneth R. Manning, timeline, summary, administrative ideas, administrator, administrative initiatives, fund-seeking, fund seeking, mentoring, postage stamp, research, sumitography, commemorative stamp, female co-researchers, poster, African American scientists, female researchers, female scientists, history of science, biography


African American Studies | Africana Studies | Arts and Humanities | Biology | Digital Humanities | History of Science, Technology, and Medicine | Intellectual History | Other Education | Women's Studies


Sumit is the Latin word for postage stamp. ( An academic study that uses postage stamps as a resource or reference can be called a sumitology (sumit-o-logy).

Similar to a bibliography, a sumitography (sumit-o-graphy) lists and describes the postage stamps a researcher uses in a sumitology.


not previously published




The author thanks Kenneth R. Manning for his generous gift of time, including reviews of this document and several lengthy conversations.